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SPACE NIRA Vol.1 List of Articles

  • 10 December 2016

Unit 01:Local Government Financing of Health Insurance and the Revitalization of Japan’s Regional Areas
Unit 02:Agricultural Policy
Unit 03:Regional Revitalization and Japan’s Low Birth Rate
Unit 04:Issues facing Japan’s Tourism Policy
Unit 05:Good ...

Unit 06 Kick-off Paper: Japan’s Fishing Industry and Regional RevitalizationNEW

Masayuki Komatsu
Senior Fellow
The Tokyo Foundation

Introduction

 In the 70 years since the end of the Second World War, the Japanese fisheries have been allowed to operate in “Olympic-style” fishing1), in which victory goes to the operator who ca...

Unit06-A: Introduction of an Individual Quota (IQ) System in Japan’s Fishing Industry: An Economic AnalysisNEW

Kojun Hamada
Associate Professor
Faculty of Economics, Niigata University

Introduction

 The decline of Japan’s fishing industry has long been a focus of attention. According to Fisheries Agency data, Japan’s catch has been steadily declining sin...

Unit 06-B: Challenges for the Revitalization of Japan’s Fishing Industry: A Legal Perspective ―The cases of Rishiri and Rebun IslandsNEW

Mari Koyano
Professor
Graduate School of Law, the Advanced Institute for Law and Politics Globalisation, Hokkaido University

Introduction

 Hokkaido is the cornerstone of Japan’s fishing industry. In 2014, production in Hokkaido’s marine fishing ...

Unit 07 Kickoff Paper:Measures to Address Japan’s Low Birthrate and Regional Revitalization ──An Economic Approach

Tatsuo Hatta
President
Asian Growth Research Institute;
Director
Center for Policy Analysis, Keizai Doyukai

 “Birthrates in Japan differ between regions, and any national measures intended to improve its birthrate have to take this fact into con...

Unit 07-A: City Structure and Marriage: A Comparison of Sapporo City and the Greater Fukuoka Area

Masayuki Nakagawa
Professor
College of Economics, Nihon University

1.Introduction

 A report published by the Japan Policy Council in 2014 argued that the concentration of Japan’s population in Tokyo, a city with a low birthrate, was lowering the b...

Unit 07-B: Childcare and Measures targeting Japan’s Low Birthrate ― What Effect Can the Decentralization of Authority Have on the Birthrate?

Wataru Suzuki
Professor
Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University

1.Ensuring Employment Opportunities is Essential for Measures addressing the Declining Birthrate

 The important thing to be borne in mind when considering the appropriate direction...

Unit 05 Kickoff Paper: Good and Bad Fiscal Decentralization

Motohiro Sato
Professor
Graduate School of Economics, Applied Economics,
School of International and Public Policy, Hitotsubashi University

 

 Japan’s centralized public finance is changing. As indicated by the designation “administrative decentr...

Unit 05-A: Issues of Intergovernmental Fiscal Transfer in relation to Fiscal Decentralization

Wataru Kobayashi
Associate Professor
Faculty of Policy Informatics, Chiba University of Commerce

1.Introduction

 Discussion of fiscal decentralization eventually arrives at the question of the allocation of functions and the allocation of fiscal...

Unit05-B: Decentralization Reform and Property Tax in Japan: A Consideration of the Benefit Principle

Tomomi Miyazaki
Associate Professor
Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University

1.The Benefit Principle of Property Tax

 Some researchers have proposed that after the decentralization reform in Japan, property tax can be useful as fundamental ...

Unit 03 Kick-off Paper: Regional Revitalization and Japan’s Low Birth Rate

Ryuchi Kaneko
Deputy Director-General
National Institute of Population and Social Security Research

 In 2005, Japan’s total fertility rate (TFR) recorded its lowest-ever level, at 1.26. The figure has since recovered somewhat, and is now treading...

Unit 04-B: Towards the Relaxation of Regulations on Minpaku in Japan

Kumiko Tomikawa
Professor
the Faculty of Commercial Sciences, Hiroshima Shudo University

1. The Hotel Business Act and Minpaku

 “Minpaku” is the Japanese term for providing rooms in private houses as accommodation. In itself, minpaku is not ille...

Unit 04-A: Creation of DMOs to promote Inbound Tourism: Methods and Issues

Yoshitaka MIZOO
Director
the Japan Travel Bureau Foundation

Introduction

 In Japan, the trend towards the use of inbound tourism to drive regional revitalization is increasing in strength. Against the background of an increasing number of overse...

Unit 04 Kick-off Paper: Issues facing Japan’s Tourism Strategy towards 2020 and Considerations regarding the Easing of Tourism-related Regulations to Stimulate Regional Revitalization

―Orientations for the Promotion of Tourism and the Revitalization of Regional Areas
as Japan seeks to Attract 30 Million Foreign Tourists per Year―

Yasushi Shinohara
Associate Professor
the Faculty of Tourism and Community Studies, Atomi Univers...

Unit 03-A: Regional Revitalization and Policies Addressing Japan’s Low Fertility

Makoto Atoh
Honorary Director-General
the National Institute of Population and Social Security Research

1. Introduction

 More than 40 years have passed since Japan’s birth rate began to decline. After reaching its peak in 2010, the nation’s tota...

Unit 03-B: What is the Best Orientation for Measures targeting Low Fertility in Regional Revitalization Policy?

Toshihiko Hara
Professor
Department of Design, Sapporo City University

 The announcement in 2014 of a strategy to halt the decline in Japan’s fertility rate and reinvigorate the nation’s regional areas 1) by the Japan Policy Council is still fres...

Unit 02 Kick-off Paper: Agricultural Policy ―Points for Discussion

Masayoshi Honma
Professor
Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, The University of Tokyo

   Change is coming to Japan’s agriculture. Irrespective of the fate of the TPP negotiations, the nation’s agricultural sector must formulate a ...

Unit 02-B: Japan’s Agricultural Policy ―Escaping the Ancien Regime

Kazuhito Yamashita
Research Director
The Canon Institute for Global Studies

1.Factors in the decline of Japan’s agriculture

  Japan’s agriculture is in decline. This decline is particularly conspicuous in the case of rice agriculture. Rice farms a...

Unit 02-A: Agricultural Policy and a New Direction for Agriculture in Japan

Kazunuki Ohizumi
Project Leader
The 21st Century Public Policy Institute, Keidanren

  I believe that in order to increase Japan’s agricultural output, we ultimately have no choice but to rely upon the small proportion of the nation’s farms which...

Unit 01 Kick-off Paper: Local Government Financing of Health Insurance and the Revitalization of Japan’s Regional Areas

Wataru Suzuki
Professor
Faculty of Economics, Gakushuin University

 The Abe administration has initiated a policy of “regional revitalization” as a new economic policy seeking to correct the over-concentration of population and economic activity ...

Unit 01-B: Health Care, Long-term Care, and Local Public Finances

Masayoshi Hayashi
Professor
Faculty & Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo

1. Introduction

 Local governments form an integral part of the Japanese system of health and long-term care for the elderly. While the central government d...

Unit 01-A: Designing New Systems through Risk Adjustment

Yasushi Iwamoto
Professor
Graduate School of Economics, University of Tokyo

  Public health insurance for Japan’s working generations can be divided into association-managed health insurance for employees of large corporations, health insuranc...